Saturday, May 29, 2010

Kos Pagum - A flawed cup


As we discussed here, one should not use a "flawed" cup for any mitzvah which involves a berachah upon a cup of wine, grape juice, etc.

The definition of a “flaw” ['Pigam' in Hebrew] is that someone else has already partaken of that liquid. Such liquid does not befit the honor the mitzvah. Therefore, one should not pour the remnants of Kiddush back into the bottle, to use another time.

There is a way to remove the “flaw,” though. If the remnants of Kiddush are currently in a cup, one may first add to the cup, rendering it “whole” (even without filling it to the top), and then pour the contents back into the bottle.

(Code of Jewish Law Orach Chaim 182, 271:10; Mishneh Berurah 271:43)

Have a great day,


  1. Hi,
    First of all I would like to thank you for this wonderful daily email.
    I have been wondering about this issue for a while. If one were to use wine for kiddush from the bottle that it came in, would he be required to be toivel the bottle before pouring back into it.
    I would much appreciate your thoughts on this matter.

  2. Hi Yitz,

    You are most welcome, and thanks for reading!
    As I understand it, no tevillah is required in this situation. Even if real re-use would require tevillah, in this case the kli is still used for its original purpose, with its original contents.

  3. Isn't it also the case that wine is pagum if the cup is not full?

  4. Hello Anarchist,

    As I understand it, a cup that is not full presents a separate problem of not being malei, not a problem of pagum. See, for example, the language in Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 271:10.