Sunday, August 25, 2013

A durable eruv tavshilin?


This year, we will need an eruv tavshilin for Rosh haShanah, the start of Succos, and Shemini Atzeres. May I create one eruv tavshilin and keep it through all three occasions?

In the Talmud, Rava explains that an eruv tavshilin ensures that we will have good food for the Shabbos following Yom Tov. Another sage, Rav Ashi, contends that an eruv tavshilin reminds people not to use Yom Tov to prepare for a weekday. Rava requires a new eruv tavshilin for each occasion, but Rav Ashi would permit us to recycle an eruv tavshilin.

In practice, we avoid relying on Rav Ashi's view; even one who sets up an eruv tavshilin with intent to re-use it should still set up a new one [without a berachah] for the following occasion. However, one who sets up an eruv tavshilin with intent to re-use it, and then forgets to set up a new one, may rely on Rav Ashi's view.

It is considered appropriate to eat the eruv tavshilin on Shabbos, especially within Rava's view. Some prefer to use the bread at seudah shlishis.

(Beitzah 15b; Rosh Beitzah 2:1; Kol Bo 59; Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 527:14; Mishneh Berurah 527:45; Shemirat Shabbat k'Hilchatah 2:13)

Have a great day,

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