Thursday, May 29, 2014

Birchot haTorah on Shavuot


If I stay up all night on Shavuos, do I recite Birchos haTorah for the first day of Shavuos?

We are required to recite Birchos haTorah (blessings before Torah study, found in the Hebrew/English Artscroll Siddur on page 16) before studying Torah. Reciting them in the morning fulfills the requirement for the entire day, but sleeping at night prevents one day's berachos from counting for the next day.

There is some debate regarding the need for a berachah after staying up all night. On the one hand, one has not halted the effect of his previous day's berachos by sleeping. On the other hand, it possible to contend that Birchos haTorah are a daily requirement. Therefore, one who stays up all night should hear Birchos haTorah recited by someone else, after alos hashachar (first light). One who does not have the option of hearing Birchos haTorah from someone else should view the berachah of Ahavah Rabbah before the morning Shema as Birchos haTorah, keeping that in mind while reciting the words of Ahavah Rabbah.

One who naps in bed for more than 30 minutes on Erev Shavuos, and then stays up all night, may recite Birchos haTorah in the morning after alos hashachar.

(Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 47:12; Magen Avraham 47:12; Kaf haChaim Orach Chaim 494:12; Mishneh Berurah 47:28; Aruch haShulchan Orach Chaim 47:23-24; Ishei Yisrael 6:27)

Have a great day,

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